Pregnancy occurs when an egg released from her ovary is fertilized by a man’s sperm. The fertilized egg attaches to the inside of a woman’s womb, where it receives nourishment and develops into a baby.

Birth control is one of the most effective ways to prevent pregnancy. There are various methods for birth control. Most women take the pill as an effective way to prevent pregnancy and implement effective birth spacing.

Other types of combined estrogen and progestin hormonal contraception include the patch and the vaginal ring. Hormonal contraceptives work to inhibit the body’s natural cyclical hormones to prevent pregnancy. The hormonal contraceptive usually stops the body from ovulating. They also prevent the sperm from reaching the egg by thickening the cervical mucus. Birth control also comes through mechanical and barrier methods. Condom, when used correctly can have an 88% efficacy against pregnancy.

However, there are side effects to using birth control. It also helps that you need to consult your physician before using birth control. He/she may give you precautions and what to anticipate when you use birth control. It may not be for everyone. People with pre-existing conditions such a heart disease and clotting disorders may not use birth control.

Decreased Sex Drive

Studies have shown that the use of birth control lessens the sex drive. This is due to the fact that when estrogen is taken in, it has the tendency to increase testosterone level slightly. Thus resulting in a lesser desire to have sex and it also causes pain upon intercourse.

Breakthrough Bleeding

As your body adjusts to increased hormone levels, you will experience breakthrough bleeding. It is fairly unpredictable and the lining is due to the thin uterus lining subjected to mechanical pressure. It is normal to have a slight breakthrough bleeding for the first two months of using birth control.


Some may not have a tolerance to oral contraceptives and may have the tendency to feel nauseous whenever faced with noxious stimuli. This can be prevented by changing your birth control method to a low dose estrogen and progesterone content.

Latex Allergy

This can happen whenever your partner uses condoms and you are susceptible to anaphylaxis. The first signs of latex allergy after coitus are: itching of vaginal area and swelling. If these symptoms occur, consult your physician right away.

Increased Clot Formation

The use of oral contraception predisposes you to clotting disorders. It is best advised to stop smoking whenever you decide to use oral contraceptives. Smoking increases the risk of acquiring cardiovascular diseases such as stroke, myocardial infarction and thrombophlebitis. A history of stroke and other clot related diseases are advised to use oral contraceptives with discretion. When there is sudden, sharp abdominal pain, dizziness and vertigo, consult your physician right away as these may be symptoms of a forming clot in your system.


Some oral contraceptives contain drosperinone, which can increase body potassium to dangerous levels. This results in an imbalance of fluids and electrolytes. Increase in potassium results to extreme vertigo.